Learn the Bible: Daniel

The Book of Daniel

• Historical 1 – 6

– Nebuchadnezzar’s Dream 2

– His Fiery Furnace 3

– His Ego Trip 4

– The Fall of Babylon 5

– The Revolt of the Magi 6

• Prophecies 7 – 12

– The Times of Gentiles 2, 7, 8

– The Seventy Weeks 9

– The Dark Side 10

– The Final Consummation 11,12

 

Historical Narratives

Chapter 1 The Deportation

Chapter 2 The Dream of Nebuchadnezzar

Chapter 3 Bow or Burn!

Chapter 4 Nebuchadnezzar’s Testimony

Chapter 5 The Fall of Babylon

Chapter 6 The Lion’s Den

 

Chronology

• 612 B.C: Nineveh falls to an alliance of Babylon and Media.

• 609 B.C: Pharaoh Necho leads army against Assyria.

– Josiah fights Necho and gets killed (2 Chr 35:20-24).

• 606 B.C: Battle of Carchemesh.

– Nebuchadnezzar vs. Pharaoh Necho.

– W bank of Euphrates (Jer 46:1-6).

 

Daniel 1: Dare to be a Daniel

• Daniel is the most authenticated book in the Bible

• Daniel and his three friends were deported as teenagers in the first

(of 3) sieges by Nebuchadnezzar

• Committed themselves to remain faithful despite their enforced

pagan environment. (Our children are also in an enforced pagan

environment…)

Lev 26:1; Deut 16:22.

Shadrach, “Illumined by the Sun God”

Hananiah, “Beloved of the Lord”

Meshach, “Who is like unto the Moon God”

Mishael, “Who is God”

Abed-nego, Servant of Nego (“Shining Fire”)

Azariah, “The Lord is my help”

CBS Special: Five-sided clay prism found in Babylon, now on display at

the Istanbul Museum: lists grouped by titles: Ha-nu-nu, Chief of the

Royal Merchants, a variation of Hananiah, or Shadrach; Mushalemarduk:

(less marduk) = Meshach. Ardi-nabu, Secretary to the Crown

Prince; an alternative form of Abed-Nego.

 

Daniel 2: Nebuchadnezzar’s Dream

• Nebuchadnezzar defeated Pharaoh Necho at Battle of Carchemesh.

• He accedes to the throne of Babylon upon Nabopolassar’s death.

• Inherits the staff of advisors of his father.

• He uses a disturbing dream as a test…

The Times of the Gentiles

• Daniel 2 through Daniel 7: Aramaic, not Hebrew.

• Daniel’s prophecies are a rare glimpse of Gentile history, in

advance!

• The “Times of the Gentiles” began with Nebuchadnezzar and will

end when the Coming World Leader is displaced by the Return of

the Lion of the Tribe of Judah, The Root of David…

 

Daniel 3: Bow or Burn!

• Ego trip: All gold image, 60 x 6 cubits.

• Follow the music…

• Daniel’s 3 friends refuse!

• Furnace x 7! (Guards destroyed.)

• Only their bindings burned…

– A fourth as a visitor!?

• Typological conjectures…

Where was Daniel?

 

Why Wasn’t Daniel in the Furnace?

• Daniel yielded to the king’s challenge? [Not likely.]

• Daniel was exempted from accusation by his enemies? [Not likely.]

• Daniel had been removed from the situation (on an errand for the

king?) [Daniel’s absence may have been viewed as his rival’s

opportunity… Absent on affair of state? Istanbul prism: lists 3; but

no mention of Daniel!…the Church is not mentioned after Rev 4:1…]

 

Daniel 4: Nebuchadnezzar’s Testimony

• Nebuchadnezzar’s 2nd Dream (Great Tree, hewn down for 7 years.)

• Daniel interprets…

• 1 Year later, Nebuchadnezzar stricken with mental derangement for

7 years (Daniel was his personal nurse)

• Nebuchadnezzar recovers and publishes the entire testimony

throughout the world.

 

Daniel 5: The Fall of Babylon

• Belshazzar (Nebuchadnezzar’s grandson) throws a party for 1,000

nobles.

• The Persian army is on their near horizon.

• The fingers of a hand are seen writing on the wall of the banquet

hall…

• Daniel is called to interpret.

• Unknown to them, that night the Persian Army was able to slip

through and conquer Babylon without a battle…

 

Babylon

Origin: Gen 10:8-10, built by Nimrod, the first world dictator. Herodotus

reported that it was 15 miles square; with 350 ft. walls, 87 ft. wide (6

chariots abreast!?) Babylon’s Hanging Gardens of Semiramis = one of

the seven wonders of the ancient world. (Saddam Hussein offered prizes

for anyone who can figure out how they were irrigated…) There was also

a second wall, with a moat in between. 250 watchtowers, 100 ft above the

wall; Tower of Bel (Bab-El) 600 ft!? The banquet hall: 56 x 173 ft.

The magnificence of Babylon led to Nebuchadnezzar’s downfall. [And

it has a prophetic destiny at the end of the age. See Chapter 5.]

 

The Handwriting on the Wall

(Assuming atbash encryption, see below…)

Mene: Numbered, Reckoned. “God hath numbered thy kingdom

and finished it.” Your number is up.

Tekel: Weighed. “Thou art weighed in the balances, and art

found wanting.”

Peres: Broken, Divided. “Thy kingdom is divided, and given to

the Medes and the Persians.”

(By implying a different vowel, “paras” rather than “peres.” It also

becomes a play on words: paras was the word for Persia.)

 

Daniel 6: The Revolt of the Magi

• Daniel is 83 years old, and prominent in the Persian Empire.

• He was appointed Rab-mag, Chief of the Magi, a hereditary sect of

Median Priest-magistrates.

• Jealous rivals entrapped him into the Lion’s Den episode.

• Miraculously spared, Daniel founded a secret sect of the Magi to

preserve a prophecy that will lead them to a manger in Bethlehem…

 

The Prophecies

Chapter 7 The Four Beasts

Chapter 8 The Ram and the Goat

Chapter 9 The Seventy Weeks

Chapter 10 The Dark Princes

Chapter 11 The Gentile Successions

Chapter 12 The Consummation of All Things

 

Daniel 7: The Four Beasts

The Biblical view of history is always through the “lens” of Israel, except:

– Daniel 2 through 7 (in Aramaic). All of Gentile History in overview.

– Only four empires involved (The fourth in two distinct phases…)

 

The Roman Empire, Phase I

68 B.C. Rome emerges

44 B.C. Julius Caesar assassinated

31 B.C. Battle of Actium

64 A.D. Nero begins his persecutions

284 A.D. Diocletian divides it into 2 (legs?)

312 A.D. Constantine moves to Byzantium

476 A.D. Empire breaks into pieces

…each remaining segment has had its era . . .

Daniel 8: The Ram and the Goat

This vision occurs two years after vision of Daniel 7 and 12 years before

the Fall of Daniel 5.

• Vision of a Ram and a Goat

– The Ram is defeated by the Goat from the West.

– The “notable horn” of the Goat divides into four.

– A “Little Horn” has a key role at the end…

• Daniel interprets

– A Leader from the West (Alexander) will subdue the Medo-

Persian Empire…

 

The Goat

• One-horned goat was a symbol for the ancient Macedonians .

• Zodiac: Persia—Aries, the Ram: Greece—Capricorn, the goat (L.

caper, goat; cornu, horn).

• May 334 B.C.: Alexander crossed the Hellespont with 35,000 troops,

first met and defeated the Persians at the Granicus River.

• Nov 333 B.C.: 1½ years later, the Battle at Issus near the NE tip of

Mediterranean Sea.

• Oct 331 B.C.: Finally broken at Gaugamela (Arbella) near Nineveh.

 

Alexander’s Four Generals

• Cassander Macedonia & Greece

• Lysimacus Thrace, Bithynia, most of Asia Minor

• Ptolemy Egypt, Cyrene, Arabia Petraea

• Seleucus Syria and lands to the East all the way to India

(Antiochus Epiphanes appears as the “Little Horn”)

 

Daniel 9: The 70 Weeks

This is quite possibly the most amazing passage in the entire Bible!

When four disciples came to Jesus for a confidential briefing on His

Second Coming, Jesus pointed them to this passage as the key to endtime

prophecy! (Mt 24:15-16). He authenticates Daniel as a prophet, and

the author of this book!

When ye therefore shall see the Abomination of Desolation, spoken of by

Daniel the prophet, stand in the holy place, (whoso readeth, let him

understand:) Then let them which be in Judea flee into the mountains . . .

Mt 24:15-16

The “70 Weeks” of Daniel

The Scope 9:24

The 69 Weeks 9:25

(The Interval) 9:26

The 70th Week 9:27

 

The Scope

Seventy weeks are determined upon thy people and upon thy holy city, to

finish the transgression, to make an end of sins, to make reconciliation for

iniquity, to bring in everlasting righteousness, to seal up the vision and

prophecy, and to anoint the most Holy Place.

Daniel 9:24

shabu’im = sevens, “week.” (Gen 29:26-28; Lev 25, 26)

hatak, determined, reckoned.

1) The focus of the passage is on the Jews, not the Church or the

Gentile world.

2) The six major items listed have yet to be completed…unfulfilled in

over 2000 years: v.26 will detail an intervening Interval between the

69th & 70th Weeks. A key to understanding this passage is to realize

that the 70 “Weeks” are not all contiguous.

 

A very specific prediction occurs in verse 25:

9:25: “Know therefore and understand, that from the going forth of the commandment to restore and to build Jerusalem unto the Messiah the Prince shall be seven weeks, and threescore and two weeks: the street shall be built again, and the wall, even in troublous times.”

This includes a mathematical prophecy. The Jewish (and Babylonian) calendars used a 360-day year;4 69 weeks of 360-day years totals 173,880 days.

In effect, Gabriel told Daniel that the interval between the commandment to rebuild Jerusalem until the presentation of the Messiah as King would be 173,880 days.

The “Messiah the Prince” in the King James translation is actually the Meshiach Nagid, “The Messiah the King.” (Nagid is first used of King Saul.)

Bull’s Eye!

The commandment to restore and build Jerusalem was given by Artaxerxes Longimanus on March 14, 445 b.c.5 (The emphasis in the verse on “the street” and “the wall” was to avoid confusion with other earlier mandates confined to rebuilding the Temple.)

But when did the Messiah present Himself as a King? During the ministry of Jesus Christ there were several occasions in which the people attempted to promote Him as king, but He carefully avoided it. “Mine hour is not yet come.”6

The Triumphal Entry

Then one day He meticulously arranges it.7 On this particular day he rode into the city of Jerusalem riding on a donkey, deliberately fulfilling a prophecy by Zechariah that the Messiah would present Himself as king in just that way:

“Rejoice greatly, O daughter of Zion; shout, O daughter of Jerusalem: behold, thy King cometh unto thee: he is just, and having salvation; lowly, and riding upon an ass, and upon a colt the foal of an ass.”

Zechariah 9:9

Whenever we might easily miss the significance of what was going on, the Pharisees come to our rescue. They felt that the overzealous crowd was blaspheming, proclaiming Jesus as the Messiah the King.8 However, Jesus endorsed it!

“I tell you that, if these should hold their peace, the stones would immediately cry out.”

 

Judgment Declared

And when He was come near, He beheld the city, and wept over it, Saying,

If thou hadst known, even thou, at least in this thy day, the things which

belong unto thy peace! but now they are hid from thine eyes.

Luke 19:41, 42

For the days shall come upon thee, that thine enemies shall cast a trench

about thee, and compass thee round, and keep thee in on every side, And

shall lay thee even with the ground, and thy children within thee; and they

shall not leave in thee one stone upon another, because thou knewest not

the time of thy visitation.

Luke 19:43, 44

 

The Interval

And after threescore and two weeks shall Messiah be cut off, but not for

himself: and the people of the prince that shall come shall destroy the city

and the sanctuary; and the end thereof shall be with a flood, and unto the

end of the war desolations are determined.

Daniel 9:26

After the 69th, before the 70th: Karat, execution; death penalty (karat

= executed); Lev 7:20; Ps 37:9; Prov 2:22.

“Not for Himself”: nothingness: rejection, substitution. An interval, or

gap, clearly required by v. 26: events described are after the 69th and

prior to the 70th week.

The people of “the prince that shall come” = historically, the Romans.

Thus, the Prince to come will be of the Roman Empire (but NOT necessarily

from Europe!) Sanctuary destroyed, etc. 38 years are included with the

destruction of Jerusalem in 70 A.D. Over 1970 years have transpired so far.

“Flood”: diaspora. Titus Vespasian: 38 years later (not 3½!).

 

The Interval

Interval implied: Isa 61:1,2 (re: Lk 4:18-20); Rev 12:5,6. Also: Isa 54:7;

Hos 3:4,5; Amos 9:10,11; (Acts 15:13-18); Micah 5:2,3; Zech 9:9,10;

Luke 1:31,32; 21:24

Interval defined: Luke 19:42—until Rom 11:25. This interval is the

period of the Church, an era kept secret in OT: Mt:13:34,35; Eph 3:5,9;

born at Pentecost: Col 1:18; 1 Cor 12:13; Acts 1:5, 11:15-16.

[Interval implied in 24 references] “Israel” is never used of the

Church (73X). [Gal 6:16 is misunderstood, by ignoring the kai in the
Greek which clearly distinguishes the two groups.] It seems that the
Lord deals with Israel and the Church mutually exclusively.

• Prerequisites:

– Atonement: Mt 16:18, 21

– Resurrection: Eph 1:20-23

– Ascension: Eph 4:7-11

(Spiritual gifts only after ascension)

 

The 70th Week

And he (“the prince that shall come”) shall enforce the covenant with [the]

many for one week: and in the midst of the week he shall cause the sacrifice

and the oblation to cease, and for the overspreading of abominations he

shall make it desolate, even until the consummation, and that determined

shall be poured upon the desolate.

Daniel 9:27

The Covenant enforced with “The Many” – “The many” is an idiom for

Israel. This is the “Covenant with Hell,” Isa 28:15; Zech 11:15-17 etc.

“Midst of the week” – The most documented period of time in the Bible.

Time, times, the dividing of time (Dan 7:25; 4:16, 23, 25).

“Time, Times, and ½ Time”

• “Times” = dual, later lost in Aramaic : 1 + 2 + ½ = 3 ½ (Dan 7:25,

Dan 12:7; Rev 12:14);

• 3½ years (Dan 9:27; 12:7);

• 42 months (Rev 11:2; 13:5);

• 1260 days (Rev 11:3; Dan 12:6);

• ½ “week” (Dan 9:27).

Every Detail by Design?

…and it was at Jerusalem the Feast of the Dedication, and it was winter.

John 10:22

Which “Feast of Dedication?”

• Solomon’s Temple? Autumn 1 Kings 8:2

• Zerubbabel’s Temple? Spring Ezra 6:15,16

The Rededication Winter 25th of Kislev

Daniel 10: A Glimpse of the Dark Side

• Daniel fasts for 21 days

• An Angel is sent, but is withstood for 21 days by “The Prince of the

Kingdom of Persia” until assisted by “Michael, the Chief Prince.”

• After giving Daniel the subsequent vision (Chapters 11 & 12) he will

have to deal with “The Prince of the Power of Greece.”

 

Daniel Chapter 11 & 12: Ptolemies vs. Seleucids

The “Kings of the South” vs. the “Kings of the North”: The continued

attempts by Bible critics to “late date” this passage is a testimony to its

accuracy. In verses 1-35, approximately 135 prophetic statements have

been counted.

Ptolemy Soter I Soter (323-285 B.C.) was one of Alexander’s wisest and

most capable generals and grew very powerful, but now Ptolemy II

Philadelphus (285-245 B.C.) grew even more powerful. It was under

Ptolemy II’s rule that the great library was established at Alexandria and

the translation of the Old Testament into Greek (the “Septuagint”

translation) was commissioned. The famed mathematician Euclid taught

geometry in Ptolemy’s court.

Ptolemy I captured Jerusalem in 321 B.C. on the Sabbath day without

resistance.[Josephus, Antiquities XII. i. 1.] However, in 316 B.C. Israel

was lost to Ptolemy’s rival, Antigonus. After the Battle of Gaza in 312

B.C., Ptolemy reclaimed it. Seleucus I Nicator (312-281 B.C.), who cooperated

with Ptolemy, made himself the master of Babylon and established

the Seleucid Empire, ruling from Antioch.

Daniel Chapters 11 and 12 provide a detailed profile of the subsequent

kings of the Seleucid and Ptolemaic Dynasties confronting one another.

These chapters also include a detailed glimpse of the final World Ruler

that will prevail until the end times. (More on this will be dealt with later

in this series.)

 

Prophetic Scriptures

• 8,362 predictive verses

• 1,817 predictions

• 737 separate matters

— J. Barton Payne, Encyclopedia of Biblical Prophecy

 

Major Prophetic Themes

• Israel

• Jerusalem

• Temple

• Babylon

• Russia (Magog)

• Rise of China

• European SuperState

• Ecumenical Religion

• Global Government

• Rise of the Occult

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