Learn the Bible session 6: Possessing the Land

Joshua: entering the Land; overcoming the Land and, dividing the Land.

Judges: 450 years of doing “what was right in their own eyes”; sinning,

suffering, repentance, deliverance.

Ruth: The Kinsman-Redeemer.

The Book of Joshua

Joshua was the eldest son of Nun

• Entering the Land (Chapters 1 – 5): Crossing the Jordan; Circumcision

at Gilgal; Manna ceases…; The Night Visitor.

• Overcoming the Land (Chapters 6 – 12)

• Occupying the Land (Chapters 13 – 24): The victory of faith.

Monument of 12 Stones

These things were done in Bethabara beyond Jordan, where John was

baptizing.

John 1:28

Bethabara = “House of Passage.”

We have Abraham to our father: for I say unto you, that God is able of these

stones to raise up children unto Abraham.

Matthew 3:9

The Strange Visitor

– Commander of the Lord’s Host.

– “Take off your shoes…”

Who “fought the battle of Jericho”? [cf. Zech 14:3—Then shall the

LORD go forth, and fight against those nations, as when he fought

in the day of battle.]

The Conquest of Canaan

• The Conquest of Jericho

• The Failure at Ai

• The Battle at BethHoron

• The Division of the Land

Jericho: Bet Yerah: “House of the Moon God:”

• Two “Spies” sent; sheltered by Rahab (“Spies” or “Witnesses”?)

• Battle Plan: March around city 1/day, for 6 days; march 7 times on

the 7th day; the Wall will fall down… take no spoil; “no accursed

thing.”

Every Torah rule violated here: 7th day; Levites lead procession, etc.

The Failure at Ai

• Confidence in self: underestimated enemy; 3,000 sufficient? Routed:

lost 36 men.

• Only loss of the seven-year campaign.

“And the LORD said unto Joshua, Get thee up; wherefore liest thou

thus upon thy face?” (Joshua 6:10).

• Achan had smuggled forbidden loot, violating God’s injunction.

• After stoning Achan (and his family and belongings), a second

attack was undertaken.

• 30,000 men, with a 5,000 man ambush force, wipe out the city.

The Battle of Beth-Horon

• Kings confederate under “Adonai-Zedek,” king of Jerusalem.

• Defeated with “stones of fire” from heaven.

• The sun commanded to “stand still” to give them more time to

complete the rout…the Sun (and the moon) extended an entire day.

• The kings hide in a cave and are dealt with.

• Completes the southern strategy; the rest is mop up…

• Gibeonites deception results in a peace treaty; honored even when

deception known.

The “Sun Stood Still?”

• Ancient calendars based on 360 day years.

• All ancient calendars changed after 701 B.C.

Joshua vs. Ephesians: Victorious Christian Living

Joshua Ephesians

Israel Church

Entering & Possessing Entering & Possessing

Earthly Inheritance Heavenly Inheritance

Given in Abraham Given in Christ

• Each opened by a Divinely Appointed Leader.

• Each given by Grace; received by Faith.

• Each the sphere of striking divine revelations.

• Each a scene of warfare and conflict.

Cities of Refuge

• Available in cases of manslaughter.

– Not premeditated murder. [Was the Crucifixion of Christ premeditated

or manslaughter?]

• Secured against the Avenger of Blood.

– As long as abiding in the City of Refuge. [How secure are we in

Christ?]

• Prevailed until the High Priest died. [Who is our High Priest? When

did He die?]

Daughters of Zelophehad

• Torah exception on rules of inheritance.

– Requested of Moses (Numbers 27:1-11).

– Granted by Joshua (Joshua 17:3-6).

• Husband adopted by father of the bride (Ezra 2:61=Neh 7:63; Num

32:41, cf. 1 Chr 2:21-23, 34-35).

• (Anticipates the lineage of Christ…)

Every detail—even in the regulations of the Torah—are there by

deliberate design; and always point to Christ!

Judges

• ~450 years following the Conquest.

• 400-year segments of Nation’s history:

– Birth Abram to death of Joseph ~400 yrs

– Death of Joseph to Exodus ~400 yrs

– Exodus to the Monarchy period ~400 yrs

– The Monarchy period to the Exile ~400 yrs

• A record of occasional deliverers rather than a succession of

governors, probably written by Samuel prior to the accession of

David.

• “Everyone did what was right in their own eyes.”

The Costs of Compromise: (A Pathetic Anticlimax)

• Another generation arose:

– Unwilling to help the rest;

– Living among idolaters, became contaminated;

– Surrounding nations exploited their degeneracy.

• Incomplete mastery.

• Military alliances.

• Intermarriage.

• Apostasy and idolatry.

• God’s occasional interventions interrupted their sordid slide into

failure.

The Lessons

• Six servitudes:

– Not accidents.

– Brought on by YHWH as punishments.

– Privileges are not license to sin.

• The Pattern:

– Sinning.

– Suffering.

– Repentance.

– Deliverance.

The Decline

• Started well; finished dismally.

• Without a King: God was to be their King.

• “Everyone did what was right in their own eyes.”

• The degradation of the role of women.

• Deborah .

• Jephthah.

• The concubine.

Tribe of Dan: Leaves allotment to take over Laish in North; cf. Moses’

prophecy.

Six Servitudes

Judges Servitude Deliverer Years

3:8 Mesopotamia Othaniel 8

3:12-14 Moabites Ehud 18
Judges People Deliverer Years
4:2,3 Canaanites Deborah 20
6:1 Midianites Gideon 7
10:7,8 Ammonites Jephthah 18
13:1 Philistines Sampson 40

The Book of Ruth

• Love’s Resolve Chapter 1

– Ruth cleaving to Naomi

• Love’s Response Chapter 2

– Ruth gleaning

• Love’s Request Chapter 3

– The Threshing Floor Scene

• Love’s Reward Chapter 4

– The Redemption of both Land and Bride

Ruth Cleaving: Chapter 1

• “In the days the judges ruled…”

• Famine drives family to Moab.

– Elimelech (“God is my King”)

– Naomi (“Pleasant” (Land?)

– Mahlon (“Unhealthy”; “to blot out”)

– Chilion (“Puny”; “to perish”)

• Naomi deters daughters-in-law from following.

– Orpah (“Fawn”) [Ultimately returns]

– Ruth (“Desirable”) [Remains with Naomi]

Ruth’s Dedication

And Ruth said, Intreat me not to leave thee, or to return from following after

thee: for whither thou goest, I will go; and where thou lodgest, I will lodge:

thy people shall be my people, and thy God my God: Where thou diest, will

I die, and there will I be buried: the LORD do so to me, and more also, if

ought but death part thee and me.

Ruth 1:16-17

Ruth Gleaning: Chapter 2

• The Law of Gleaning (Lev 19:9,10; Deut 24:19-2)

– Provision for the Destitute.

• “Happens” upon the field of Boaz.

– Boaz = “In Him is Strength” (Temple Pillar).

– Introduced by “Unnamed Servant.”

– Protection + “Handfuls on purpose…”

Goel: Kinsman-Redeemer

– Law of Redemption (Lev 25:47-50).

– Law of Levirite Marriage (Deut 25:5-10).

The Threshing Floor: Chapter 3

• Naomi recognizes an opportunity for the redemption of her land and

for a new life for Ruth. She instructs Ruth on what to do.

• Ruth approaches Boaz to fulfill the role of a Goel.

• BUT, there is a “nearer kinsman” in the way . . .

• (six measures of barley = a code for Naomi).

The Redemption: Chapter 4

• Boaz confronts the “Nearer Kinsman”: he is willing to redeem the

property, but he is not willing to take Ruth as bride. He yields his

shoe to relieve the obligation.

• Boaz steps up: he purchases the land for Naomi, he “purchases”

Ruth as bride.

• “May your house be like Perez…”

Typological Analysis

Goel = Kinsman-Redeemer: Must be a Kinsman; must be able to

perform; must be willing; and, must assume all the obligations.

• Boaz = The Lord of the Harvest/The Kinsman-Redeemer.

• Naomi = Israel.

• Ruth = Gentile Bride.

Observations

• In order to bring Ruth to Naomi, Naomi had to be exiled from her land.

• What the Law could not do, Grace did.

• Ruth does not replace Naomi.

• Ruth learns of Boaz’s ways thru Naomi

• Naomi meets Boaz thru Ruth

• No matter how much Boaz loved Ruth, he had to wait for her move

• Boaz, not Ruth, confronts the Nearer Kinsman.

• Book of Ruth always read at the Feast of Pentecost (Shavout ).

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