Joshua: entering the Land; overcoming the Land and, dividing the Land.
Judges: 450 years of doing “what was right in their own eyes”; sinning,
suffering, repentance, deliverance.
Ruth: The Kinsman-Redeemer.
The Book of Joshua
Joshua was the eldest son of Nun
• Entering the Land (Chapters 1 – 5): Crossing the Jordan; Circumcision
at Gilgal; Manna ceases…; The Night Visitor.
• Overcoming the Land (Chapters 6 – 12)
• Occupying the Land (Chapters 13 – 24): The victory of faith.
Monument of 12 Stones
These things were done in Bethabara beyond Jordan, where John was
Bethabara = “House of Passage.”
We have Abraham to our father: for I say unto you, that God is able of these
stones to raise up children unto Abraham.
The Strange Visitor
– Commander of the Lord’s Host.
– “Take off your shoes…”
– Who “fought the battle of Jericho”? [cf. Zech 14:3—Then shall the
LORD go forth, and fight against those nations, as when he fought
in the day of battle.]
The Conquest of Canaan
• The Conquest of Jericho
• The Failure at Ai
• The Battle at BethHoron
• The Division of the Land
Jericho: Bet Yerah: “House of the Moon God:”
• Two “Spies” sent; sheltered by Rahab (“Spies” or “Witnesses”?)
• Battle Plan: March around city 1/day, for 6 days; march 7 times on
the 7th day; the Wall will fall down… take no spoil; “no accursed
Every Torah rule violated here: 7th day; Levites lead procession, etc.
The Failure at Ai
• Confidence in self: underestimated enemy; 3,000 sufficient? Routed:
lost 36 men.
• Only loss of the seven-year campaign.
• “And the LORD said unto Joshua, Get thee up; wherefore liest thou
thus upon thy face?” (Joshua 6:10).
• Achan had smuggled forbidden loot, violating God’s injunction.
• After stoning Achan (and his family and belongings), a second
attack was undertaken.
• 30,000 men, with a 5,000 man ambush force, wipe out the city.
The Battle of Beth-Horon
• Kings confederate under “Adonai-Zedek,” king of Jerusalem.
• Defeated with “stones of fire” from heaven.
• The sun commanded to “stand still” to give them more time to
complete the rout…the Sun (and the moon) extended an entire day.
• The kings hide in a cave and are dealt with.
• Completes the southern strategy; the rest is mop up…
• Gibeonites deception results in a peace treaty; honored even when
The “Sun Stood Still?”
• Ancient calendars based on 360 day years.
• All ancient calendars changed after 701 B.C.
Joshua vs. Ephesians: Victorious Christian Living
Entering & Possessing Entering & Possessing
Earthly Inheritance Heavenly Inheritance
Given in Abraham Given in Christ
• Each opened by a Divinely Appointed Leader.
• Each given by Grace; received by Faith.
• Each the sphere of striking divine revelations.
• Each a scene of warfare and conflict.
Cities of Refuge
• Available in cases of manslaughter.
– Not premeditated murder. [Was the Crucifixion of Christ premeditated
• Secured against the Avenger of Blood.
– As long as abiding in the City of Refuge. [How secure are we in
• Prevailed until the High Priest died. [Who is our High Priest? When
did He die?]
Daughters of Zelophehad
• Torah exception on rules of inheritance.
– Requested of Moses (Numbers 27:1-11).
– Granted by Joshua (Joshua 17:3-6).
• Husband adopted by father of the bride (Ezra 2:61=Neh 7:63; Num
32:41, cf. 1 Chr 2:21-23, 34-35).
• (Anticipates the lineage of Christ…)
Every detail—even in the regulations of the Torah—are there by
deliberate design; and always point to Christ!
• ~450 years following the Conquest.
• 400-year segments of Nation’s history:
– Birth Abram to death of Joseph ~400 yrs
– Death of Joseph to Exodus ~400 yrs
– Exodus to the Monarchy period ~400 yrs
– The Monarchy period to the Exile ~400 yrs
• A record of occasional deliverers rather than a succession of
governors, probably written by Samuel prior to the accession of
• “Everyone did what was right in their own eyes.”
The Costs of Compromise: (A Pathetic Anticlimax)
• Another generation arose:
– Unwilling to help the rest;
– Living among idolaters, became contaminated;
– Surrounding nations exploited their degeneracy.
• Incomplete mastery.
• Military alliances.
• Apostasy and idolatry.
• God’s occasional interventions interrupted their sordid slide into
• Six servitudes:
– Not accidents.
– Brought on by YHWH as punishments.
– Privileges are not license to sin.
• The Pattern:
• Started well; finished dismally.
• Without a King: God was to be their King.
• “Everyone did what was right in their own eyes.”
• The degradation of the role of women.
• Deborah .
• The concubine.
Tribe of Dan: Leaves allotment to take over Laish in North; cf. Moses’
Judges Servitude Deliverer Years
3:8 Mesopotamia Othaniel 8
3:12-14 Moabites Ehud 18
Judges People Deliverer Years
4:2,3 Canaanites Deborah 20
6:1 Midianites Gideon 7
10:7,8 Ammonites Jephthah 18
13:1 Philistines Sampson 40
The Book of Ruth
• Love’s Resolve Chapter 1
– Ruth cleaving to Naomi
• Love’s Response Chapter 2
– Ruth gleaning
• Love’s Request Chapter 3
– The Threshing Floor Scene
• Love’s Reward Chapter 4
– The Redemption of both Land and Bride
Ruth Cleaving: Chapter 1
• “In the days the judges ruled…”
• Famine drives family to Moab.
– Elimelech (“God is my King”)
– Naomi (“Pleasant” (Land?)
– Mahlon (“Unhealthy”; “to blot out”)
– Chilion (“Puny”; “to perish”)
• Naomi deters daughters-in-law from following.
– Orpah (“Fawn”) [Ultimately returns]
– Ruth (“Desirable”) [Remains with Naomi]
And Ruth said, Intreat me not to leave thee, or to return from following after
thee: for whither thou goest, I will go; and where thou lodgest, I will lodge:
thy people shall be my people, and thy God my God: Where thou diest, will
I die, and there will I be buried: the LORD do so to me, and more also, if
ought but death part thee and me.
Ruth Gleaning: Chapter 2
• The Law of Gleaning (Lev 19:9,10; Deut 24:19-2)
– Provision for the Destitute.
• “Happens” upon the field of Boaz.
– Boaz = “In Him is Strength” (Temple Pillar).
– Introduced by “Unnamed Servant.”
– Protection + “Handfuls on purpose…”
• Goel: Kinsman-Redeemer
– Law of Redemption (Lev 25:47-50).
– Law of Levirite Marriage (Deut 25:5-10).
The Threshing Floor: Chapter 3
• Naomi recognizes an opportunity for the redemption of her land and
for a new life for Ruth. She instructs Ruth on what to do.
• Ruth approaches Boaz to fulfill the role of a Goel.
• BUT, there is a “nearer kinsman” in the way . . .
• (six measures of barley = a code for Naomi).
The Redemption: Chapter 4
• Boaz confronts the “Nearer Kinsman”: he is willing to redeem the
property, but he is not willing to take Ruth as bride. He yields his
shoe to relieve the obligation.
• Boaz steps up: he purchases the land for Naomi, he “purchases”
Ruth as bride.
• “May your house be like Perez…”
• Goel = Kinsman-Redeemer: Must be a Kinsman; must be able to
perform; must be willing; and, must assume all the obligations.
• Boaz = The Lord of the Harvest/The Kinsman-Redeemer.
• Naomi = Israel.
• Ruth = Gentile Bride.
• In order to bring Ruth to Naomi, Naomi had to be exiled from her land.
• What the Law could not do, Grace did.
• Ruth does not replace Naomi.
• Ruth learns of Boaz’s ways thru Naomi
• Naomi meets Boaz thru Ruth
• No matter how much Boaz loved Ruth, he had to wait for her move
• Boaz, not Ruth, confronts the Nearer Kinsman.
• Book of Ruth always read at the Feast of Pentecost (Shavout ).